Energy data are used for controlling and operating electricity grids as well as for processing business transactions. The above mentioned areas each have different requirements: low latency and highest reliability in technical operation – cost-effective usage of available IT infrastructure and data security for commercial transactions. Both are closely interlinked. Therefore, the Fraunhofer Energy Alliance is researching on IT infrastructure architectures meeting the high requirements that arise due to the decentralization of energy supply. Most important aspects are data security and data protection, resilience (durability) and low costs. For the components of different manufacturers to exchange data, interoperability and standardization are essential. The implementation will be guided by recent research findings on the Internet of Things (loT) that can be used flexibly in the energy data system.