The portfolio of the Fraunhofer Energy Alliance also includes the operation of pilot plants to examine the combustion and emission behavior of different fuels in combustion plants, gasification plants and pyrolysis plants. Researchers at Fraunhofer improve system components, for example by using innovative ceramic materials in burners, advise customers with regard to the management of biomass-fired cogenerations plants and examine production chains of bioenergy raw materials. At the same time, research is conducted with respect to catalytic processes and the improvement of refinery concepts for the processing of biofuels, for example the fluid phase transition of greases, oils and renewable raw materials to biogenic diesel and gasoline.
Further research topics at Fraunhofer include crushing, blending and molding units for the conversion of waste and production residues to alternative fuels and the analysis of small-scale combustion installations with integrated cogeneration systems for alternative fuels from high calorific waste.
Experts at Fraunhofer develop, plan and support plants for biogas anaerobic digestion and conduct research on the production of synthesis gas from biomass for the usage in fuel cell systems and the coupling with chemical processes. The latter also includes the feed-in of biogas into the natural gas grid and the conversion to fuel for vehicles.