Energy Economic Analyses

Experts at the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft use energy industry analyses to create transparency for their customers. This is the basis for long-term optimized and economically viable decisions. Energy industry analyses by Fraunhofer Energy Research look at how submarkets behave separately or in relation to each other under different framework conditions, how energy technologies interact from a techno-economic point of view, and what results this interaction leads to. The framework can be set both nationally and internationally.

Competencies of the Fraunhofer Energy Alliance in the Field Energy Economic Analyses

Analyses for Sector Coupling

Up to now, the focus of attention when considering the energy transition has been primarily on electricity generation If the climate targets set for 2030 are still to be achieved, it is essential to consider the heating, transport and industrial sectors. In addition to cross-sectoral system views, the institutes of Fraunhofer Energy Research also provide energy industry analyses that focus on the topic of sector coupling. The aim of the analyses and model calculations is to put innovative concepts on an economically viable basis in order to turn sector coupling from a future model into the status quo.



Integrated Energy Concept 2050

With the help of »REMod« scenarios for an energy system in 2050 including a coupling of the electricity, heat, industry and transport sectors were calculated.



Fraunhofer ISE is using simulation models to investigate the impact of the expansion of prosumers on the generation of electricity and the power grid in Germany.


Financing Sector Coupling

The aim of the project is to develop and evaluate options for action for the design of the financing of the energy system with a view to sector coupling. 

Market and Potential Analyses for Technologies and Services

Market and potential analyses are closely linked to energy policy analyses. While the latter look at regulatory framework, market and potential analyses focus on economic aspects. Here, the focus is on various geographically or substantively defined markets within which energy technologies or their suppliers and consumers interact. The analyses carried out by Fraunhofer Energy Research consider, for example, the economic interaction between the players and entire markets, the general competitive situation as well as trends and future forecasts from the point of view of economic efficiency.




Together with other Fraunhofer Institutes, Fraunhofer ISE is conducting research on various aspects (e.g. storage technology, energy system modeling, distribution grids, etc.) of a future »SuperGrid« between North Africa and Europe.



The aim of the project »NEMAR – New Concepts for the Future Distribution Grid and Energy System«, is to develop a mechanism that succeeds in mobilizing the decentralized potential of flexibilities to support the central grid interconnection.


Current facts about PV in Germany

With the help of various calculations and models, a holistic evaluation of photovoltaic expansion in Germany is to be supported (more information in German).


Hydrogen roadmap

The roadmap focuses on a scenario in which hydrogen plays an important role. It outlines a path for the introduction and development of the hydrogen economy in various fields of application (more information in German).


Roadmap lithium-ion batteries 2030

The roadmap provides an overview of the status and development potential of lithium-ion batteries (LIB)  (more information in German).

Energy and Cost Analyses

Energy and cost analyses are a central aspect of energy industry analyses. In this context, the definition of the costs relevant to the facts is crucial. Experts at the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft offer analyses and model calculations focusing on investment costs for new technologies, operating and conversion costs and maintenance costs, among other things. In combination, this allows for valid statements to be made about total systemic costs.



Rethinking LCA and product stewardship

The white paper discusses strategies for a successful quick start and roll-out of product stewardship for industrial companies.


Costs energy transition

The model-based study examines the system and cost development of a climate protection-compatible transformation of the German energy system by 2050 across all sectors and energy carriers (more information in German).



The »GENERIS« software offers the possibility to model a building from a catalog of standard constructions, to additionally enter the pre-calculated operating parameters and to evaluate the building project with regard to its life cycle assessment.



In the »InvE₂St« project, Fraunhofer ISE is investigating open source investment decision models for new technologies, simulating today's technology stock and the market penetration of these technologies.