How can energy grid infrastructures be designed and operated to ensure resilient, secure and cost-effective supply both today and in a future decarbonized energy system?
The decarbonization of the energy system and structural transformation are changing supply and demand for electricity, gas and heat. The new system is characterized by distributed generators, storages and prosumers. Heat pumps, electrolyzer and cogeneration units are the link between sectors. Variety and scope of tasks in grid planning have increased considerably in recent years. The energy transition, new regulations, changing funding conditions, and the development of storage options and sector coupling are factors of uncertainty with regard to the need for grid expansion, both in terms of extent and temporal distribution. In addition, new equipment such as controllable local grid transformers or new requirements, for example due to e-mobility, lead to an enlarged solution space with increased complexity. Therefore, in the future, increasingly extensive planning tasks will have to be processed or existing plans will have to be adapted and revised.
Experts at Fraunhofer Energy Research support the transformation of the energy grid infrastructure in various planning phases: From the initial potential study to the concrete target grid planning, during implementation in the pilot project and transfer to the real operation.