Grid Management

Energy suppliers – from corporate groups to municipal utilities–, transmission system operators and, in particular, distribution system operators are facing fundamental challenges as key players in the grid management. In their key roles, they are facing disruptive trends that will fundamentally change the requirements profile in the medium term. In particular, the energy transition with the expansion of renewable energies, sector coupling and the digitization of grids have long since ceased to be issues of the future. 

How does the decentralization and volatility of generators affect balancing group management? How to deal with new market models such as direct or peer-2-peer trading concepts of local producers and consumers? What regulations are to be expected for grid management in the future and what new tasks and business models will result from them?

This is just a sampling of the issues facing grid management players. The institutes of Fraunhofer Energy Research support their customers with research and development services, studies, analyses and simulation models as well as with application solutions and customer-specific consulting on the aforementioned topics.

Competencies of the Fraunhofer Energy Alliance in the Field of Grid Management

Grid Economic Analyses

Against the backdrop of the energy transition, with the goal of increasing the share of green electricity to 35 percent by 2020 and 80 percent by 2050, the need to build and expand smart grids is becoming increasingly important. Grid operators and municipal utilities not only face the challenge of flexibly managing more and more decentralized plants and generators (photovoltaics, wind power, biogas and combined heat and power plants), but also of intelligently integrating adjacent sectors such as heat supply and electromobility. In order to be able to make economically and technically sensible decisions in view of these complex framework conditions, experts from Fraunhofer Energy Research support our customers with sound data and grid economic analyses. Our services include studies, analyses and consulting in the areas of grid stability and grid connection, grid losses, automated grid planning, pilot systems for grid operation management, grid transparency through state estimation and forecasting, dynamic stability assessment, and plant and grid models.




»TrafoKommunE – Transformation process for the municipal energy transition« aims to improve the transfer of research findings concerning the energy transition to municipal environments in practical settings.



»LamA - Laden am Arbeitsplatz« (Charging at Work) is a joint project led by Fraunhofer IAO to build up charging infrastructure for electric vehicles at 37 locations across Germany.



»REGEES  – Regeneratives Elektrisches Energie System« (Renewable Energy Systems and Storage Systems) aim was to utilize the capabilities of centralized and distributed control systems optimally while factoring in the energy market’s demands.

Grid Usage and Balancing Group Management

The energy transition entails not only a technological but also a structural change in the energy system. The addition of volatile generators, sector coupling and the increasing role of "prosumers" combined with direct or peer-2-peer trading concepts are just a few examples of the major challenges facing the energy industry. The institutes of Fraunhofer Energy Research support their customers, among other things, with research and development services in the areas of plant deployment planning including storage utilization, plant deployment in the energy market and in the grid, operating strategies of power plants, renewable energies and storage, and the economic efficiency of plants in the system. In addition, we offer applications to reliably map the dynamic processes within the liberalized energy markets and support market players with individual solutions.



EMS-EDM Prophet

Whether electricity trader, municipal utility, grid operator, direct marketer or external service provider: The modules of EMS-EDM PROPHET® cover all areas relevant to the energy industry for electricity, gas and heat.


Energy4Business GmbH

Fraunhofer IPA has compared forecasts produced for industrial customers of the »Energy4Business GmbH« network with state of the art methods and sucessfully identified potential for increasing forecast accuracy (more information in German).



The central objective of the project is to develop methodological, regulatory and technical solutions for  for linking and adapting processes between classic balancing group management and innovative energy trading processes.



»EnDaSpace - Energy Data Spaces«examines how information from decentralized electricity producers can be used to operate the electricity system with the help of the International Data Spaces (IDS) concept.


Regulatory frameworks are necessary in dealing with renewable energies to ensure the stable operation of the energy grid. In the context of the complex regulatory environment, the role of many grid operators is changing from an informative function to an actively controlling one. Researchers at the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft are developing optimal operating and control strategies for a nationwide reliable electrical power supply system. The overriding objective is the complete integration of feed-in from renewable energies within a foreseeable period of time. On a smaller scale, regulatory frameworks are also being developed in forward-looking projects such as model cities.



Netzregelung 2.0

The project is intended to prove that the interconnected electrical system can be operated stably even with very high shares of power converters by means of suitable control procedures (more information in German).



»TrafoKommunE – Transformation process for the municipal energy transition« aims to improve the transfer of research findings concerning the energy transition to municipal environments in practical settings.



»DiMA-Grids – Digital business models with self-determined users for smart distribution grids« aims to further develop existing approaches to the digitization of the energy transition, taking end customers into account.